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17) Journalize the following sales transactions for Outdoor Equipment using the periodic inventory system. 16) Journalize the following sales transactions for Smith Printing Equipment using the periodic inventory system. 13) In a periodic inventory system, a sale of inventory involves two entries, one to record Sales Revenue and one to record Cost of Goods Sold. 12) In a periodic inventory system, there is no need to record an entry to Merchandise Inventory and Cost of Goods Sold. 11) Journalize the following purchase transactions for ABC Swimming Pool Supply Company using the periodic inventory system. 10) Journalize the following purchase transactions for Schaeffer Office Supplies using the periodic inventory system.
The amount chosen by the business can vary based on its needs, type of business or industry. The gross profit margin is especially useful when tracked over time. A gross profit margin that increases or decreases over time might indicate market forces that the company has to pay attention to. It might also indicate the efficacy of your pricing strategy. The gross profit margin can be very helpful for businesses to find out how well their company is performing.
For instance, it has been noted that investor Warren Buffett knows the profitability figures for a single can of Coca-Cola and watches sugar prices regularly. If you own a pizza parlor, your cost of goods sold would include the amount of money you spend purchasing such items as flour, tomato sauce, and the box you use to keep the pizza safe during delivery. It would also include the payment to your restaurant gross profit represents the markup on vendor for individual packets of Parmesan cheese as well as the payment to the soft drink company to refill the syrup in the soda fountains. That being said, most businesspeople understand startup businesses need time to reach profitability. An investor in your cat toothpaste company may well understand that you plan to lose money attracting customers in the first 2 years and make your profits in years 3-5.
49) FICA tax is paid by the employee only and is deducted from gross earnings. 14) The employee federal and state income tax and Social Security tax are optional payroll deductions. B) Net pay represents the total salaries and wages expense to the employer. 8) Gross pay is the total amount of salary, wages, commissions, and bonuses earned by an employee during a pay period, after taxes or any other deductions. 39) On October 1, 2017, Carlos, Inc. borrowed $225,000 by signing a nine-month, 8% note payable. Prepare the journal entry July, 1, 2017, the date the note was paid. 38) On September 1, 2017, Neighborhood, Inc. borrowed $125,000 by signing a nine-month, 7.2% note payable.
For example, you would rather have a 70% gross margin vs. a 15% gross margin because it means you have higher profits. This means you have half of your revenue left over after you factor in cost of goods sold. The higher your gross margin is, the more efficient your business is at producing its goods and services. Everlance is the #1 app for helping businesses and their employees keep track of all their expenses, including car mileage for tax or reimbursement purposes.
Most business owners know their margin by heart, but never their markup. To make the conversion from margin to markup, simply divide gross profits by cost. Dividing $480,000 by $520,000 shows us that a 48 percent margin represents a markup of 92.3 percent. Since you know the cost of a product and you know the gross margin percentage to be achieved, you can determine the selling price and the markup needed. Gross margin or gross profit is the net sales – cost of goods sold and represents the amount we charge customers above what we paid for the items. Net Sales are the revenues generated by the major activities of the business—usually the sale of products or services or both less any sales discounts and sales returns and allowances. 12) Applied Foods Corp. had cash sales of $598,000 during the month of August.
Everlance allows all expenses to be recorded and monitored by simply taking photos of receipts. You can even link your credit card or bank account to track business expenses that way too. Net Profit MarginNet profit margin is the percentage of net income a company derives from its net sales.
21) Merchandise inventory accounting systems can be broadly categorized into two types. 20) The perpetual inventory system keeps a running record of inventory and cost of goods sold. 15) List the three steps, in order of occurrence, of the operating cycle of a merchandising business.
Your break-even point is the amount of revenue you need to earn in order for your total sales to equal total expenses. For example, if your business expenses total $50,000 and your gross margin is 50%, you would need to make $100,000 to cover your costs and break even. Knowing your business’s gross margin is essential in assessing your profitability.
For example, the price per product or service multiplied by the number of units sold. To calculate revenue, subtract the cost of creating the goods or performing services sold from a company’s total sales revenue.
The cost of goods sold, also taken from the income statement, are the direct costs of producing the company’s product or products. 44) William Baker works for Jones Restaurant Supply all year and earns a monthly salary of $8,000. There is no overtime pay and Jones withholds income taxes at 12% of gross pay. Jones deducts $200 monthly income summary fo the co-payment of the health insurance premium. As of October, 31, William had $80,000 of cumulative earnings. Journalize the accrual of salaries expense on October 31. 14) A merchandiser had sales returns and allowances of $300, sales discounts of $700, cost of goods sold of $14,000, and all other expenses of $4,400.
Percent of markup is 100 times the price difference divided by the cost. The purpose of margins is « to determine the value of incremental sales, and to guide pricing and promotion decision. »
The company received payment for the balance on November 10, 2017. Calculate the amount of gross profit from these transactions. Cost of goods sold is an important figure for investors to consider because it has bookkeeping a direct impact on profits. Cost of goods sold is deducted from revenue to determine a company’s gross profit. Gross profit, in turn, is a measure of how efficient a company is at managing its operations.
Direct costs include those costs that are specifically tied to a cost object, which may be a product, department, or project. Rosemary Carlson is an expert in finance who writes for The Balance Small Business. She has consulted with many small businesses in all areas of finance. She was a university professor of finance and has written extensively in this area. Amber Keefer has more than 25 years of experience working in the fields of human services and health care administration.
Management chooses which income statement to present a company’s financial data. This choice may be based either on how their competitors present their data or on the costs associated with assembling the data. 40) If a long-term ledger account debt is paid in installments, the business will report the current portion of the note payable as a current liability. 21) NewAge, Inc. made total cash sales in February of $666,000, which are subject to 7.5% sales tax.
Revenue represents the total income gained from the sale, and gross profit refers to the profit that a business makes after subtracting the cost of goods sold. Assume a product has a cost of $75 and a selling price of $100. Since the gross profit is defined as selling price minus the cost of goods sold, this product will have a gross profit of $25 ($100 minus $75). The gross margin or gross profit percentage is 25% (gross profit of $25 divided by selling price of $100). The mark up of $25 on the cost of $75 equals 33.333% ($25 divided by $75). Businesses frequently use a couple of means to measure their profit in dollar values. The most simple is gross profit, which represents the difference between sales and the cost of the materials needed to create the goods.
Your cost of goods sold include all your costs to produce the product, including materials, labor and more. Since the gross profit margin ratio only requires two variables, net sales and cost of goods sold, for the calculation, you only need to look at a company’s income statement. Gross profit is the gross profit divided by the total revenue and is the percentage of income retained as profit after accounting for the cost of goods sold .